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Friday, March 14, 2014

Theoretical Methodology for Detecting ICMP Reflected Attacks: SMURF Attacks - InfoSec Institute

 There are plenty of different ways to track the original source of a DoS
attack, but those techniques are not efficient enough to track a
reflected ICMP attack. When I say “reflected ICMP attack,” that means a
SMURF attack. Here I am going to show you a new model to trackback the
reflective DOS attack caused by ICMP packets. This is a very efficient
method, because you can do this with the help of a really few attack
packets. We have seen that, to detect ICMP attacks in direct attack, we
need a large amount of packets to be revised, which is not true in this


Read Full Story : Theoretical Methodology for Detecting ICMP Reflected Attacks: SMURF Attacks - InfoSec Institute:

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Sunday, March 9, 2014

Vigilance complaints pile up as Delhi Police doesn’t know password | The Indian Express

Over 600 complaints regarding the Delhi Police forwarded by the Central Vigilance Commission
to an online portal have been pending for the past eight years. The
reason: the Delhi Police didn’t know the password to access the portal
or how to operate it, a lapse that went undetected since 2006.

In January finally, two Delhi Police officers, one of the level of
deputy commissioner of police and another an inspector, were imparted
“training” by the CVC on the same.

Sources in the CVC said 667 complaints had piled up, with no action taken by the police.

Each Delhi government department under the CVC, including the MCD,
DDA and several investigating agencies, have a chief vigilance officer
to look into complaints. If a complaint reaches the CVC, either it
tackles it independently or it sends it to the concerned department

Read Full Story :Vigilance complaints pile up as Delhi Police doesn’t know password | The Indian Express

Friday, March 7, 2014

Computer Forensics Investigation – A Case Study - InfoSec Institute

Computer technology is the major integral part of everyday human
life, and it is growing rapidly, as are computer crimes such as
financial fraud, unauthorized intrusion, identity theft and intellectual
theft. To counteract those computer-related crimes, Computer Forensics
plays a very important role. “Computer Forensics involves obtaining and
analysing digital information for use as evidence in civil, criminal or
administrative cases (Nelson, B., et al., 2008)”.

A Computer Forensic Investigation generally investigates the data
which could be taken from computer hard disks or any other storage
devices with adherence to standard policies and procedures to determine
if those devices have been compromised by unauthorised access or not.
Computer Forensics Investigators work as a team to investigate the
incident and conduct the forensic analysis by using various
methodologies (e.g. Static and Dynamic) and tools (e.g. ProDiscover or
Encase) to ensure the computer network system is secure in an
organization. A successful Computer Forensic Investigator must be
familiar with various laws and regulations related to computer crimes in
their country (e.g. Computer Misuse Act 1990, the UK) and various
computer operating systems (e.g. Windows, Linux) and network operating
systems (e.g. Win NT). According to Nelson, B., et al., (2008), Public
Investigations and Private or Corporate Investigations are the two
distinctive categories that fall under Computer Forensics
Investigations. Public investigations will be conducted by government
agencies, and private investigations will be conducted by private
computer forensic team. This report will be focused on private
investigations, since an incident occurred at a new start-up SME based
in Luton.

This report also includes a computer investigation model, data
collections and its types, evidence acquisitions, forensics tools,
malicious investigation, legal aspects of computer forensics, and
finally this report also provides necessary recommendations,
countermeasures and policies to ensure this SME will be placed in a
secure network environment.

Read Full Article at Here : Computer Forensics Investigation – A Case Study - InfoSec Institute

Congress vs BJP vs AAP : How Media is Biased ?

Today the 3 major political parties – Congress, BJP and AAP had rallies of Rahul Gandhi, Narendra Modi and Arvind Kejriwal respectively.

While ABP news and NDTV were live telecasting all the three rallies alternatively, Times Now and CNN-IBN were only showing Rahul Gandhi and Narendra Modi’s rallies.

Even the “Tickr”(scrolling news at the bottom of the channel” on both the channel talks only about Modi and Rahul… Headlines on Tickr show only statements of Rahul and Modi.

Also, I checked the Timeline of Times Now’s Twitter handle @timesnow for last 5 hours. Not a single tweet on Kejriwal’s speech while they have live-tweeted both Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi. Have taken Screenshots of the TL.

I checked the Timeline of CNN-IBN’s Twitter Handle @ibnlive for last 5 hours. They have live-tweeted both Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi. There was only one tweet on Arvind Kejriwal’s rally (that too an anti-Congress statement that AK made).

(Screenshots of Twitter TL are at the end of this blog)

I Called Times Now Office at 02224999944 and spoke to the News desk member. Someone by name Preeti answered my call and she was able yo hear me until I asked the question. Then she started saying “hello.. hello” as if she cant hear me and then hung up… called back again and got connected to some other lady. She refused to reveal her name. When I asked her why they are not showing Kejriwal’s rally, she asked me to send a mail to their mail id “” as she is not authorized to answer me.

Then I called CNN-IBN at 01204341818 and I was connected to news room guy Saharsh. He says they have covered Kejriwal’s rally as well and says may be I have missed the braodcast. I asked him for a mail ID where I can send a mail about this. He gave ””
I guess we should start questioning these guys on such things to tame them. Its a known fact that these news channels are controlled by corporates that are closely connected to politicians. And as long as we dont question them, they will continue to show the biased news.

I will be sending a mail to the given mail IDs and also, will send a mail to News Broadcasting Association of India.

Until I get a satisfactory answer from them, the channels will be boycotted by me.
Note- I have recorded these calls :

Have uploaded the audio files again into a new folder. Please check this – Call Recordings New –

Here is alternate link to access the audio files:

Read more @

Friday, February 21, 2014

Manual Web Application Penetration Testing – Finding XSS by Playing With Parameters

In my previous article we saw the different ways of fuzzing, including suffix and prefix. We used those fuzzing techniques in order to find error messages in web applications. Now that we know how to fuzz, we will use that skill to find XSS, generally known as cross site scripting.

Testing For XSS
Without wasting any time, let’s go to the Document Viewer page under the A3 cross site scripting (XSS) module. Various methods of exploiting XSS are in there, but first we will choose a simple method which is HTTP attribute.

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Manual Web Application Penetration Testing – Suffix & Prefix in Fuzzing

In this series of articles, last time we talked about fuzzing and various SQL statement special characters which can be used in fuzzing a web application. In this article, I am going to focus on various prefixes and suffixes of fuzzing in order to fuzz the target web application.


Thursday, January 30, 2014

Manually Web Application Penetration Testing: Fuzzing - Part 4

When we test a web application, we do not test a single page, but a lot of pages of a single web application. Each page may have more than one variable, so technically you will be engaging with a ton of variables during your web application test. So when you inject anything into the input, it is good to know what kind of effect your injection has on the server. In this part of this series of articles, we will look at the importance of simple alphabetic injection along with the web page encoding technology and how it affects our testing and result.

Simple Alphabetic Injection
When you engage with many web pages and a ton of variables, it is good to find your input after you inject. When you give something to the web page as an input, your input will not be used in only one place, but it will be used for many variables and tons of places. One of the common ways to check which areas use a given input is to give a simple alphabetic injection. This simple alphabetic injection can be anything. As I said in an earlier article, I personally use Jonnybravo as a username and momma as a password. If I use any special characters within my input, it might get encoded/eliminated to prevent the injection attacks on that page. What encoding is and how it takes place I will cover later on. The reason for using simple alphabetic injection is because it will never be encoded or eliminated by the server and you can easily find your input within the response as well as the request.

Monday, January 20, 2014

Manual Web Application Penetration Testing: Identifying Application Entry Points

In this article, I will show you how to find injection points for your target host and how the webpage is encoded when it comes to the client side from the server.

Identifying Injection Points
If your web page is static, you cannot test it for security concern. You can test it at some sort of view but you can’t play with it much as compared to a dynamic page. The Nikto scanner is a good utility that works best in testing static sites. There has to be some interaction between client and server via login panel, comment section, register page, contact form, and so on.

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